Consists of instruction in computer concepts, information methods, networking, operating techniques, laptop hardware, the Internet, software program functions, assist desk concepts and problem fixing, and rules of customer service. Quantum computer systems, however, use qubits, which are typically subatomic particles comparable to electrons or photons. Generating and managing qubits is a scientific and engineering problem. Some firms, equivalent to IBM, Google, and Rigetti Computing, use superconducting circuits cooled to temperatures colder than deep area. Others, like IonQ, lure individual atoms in electromagnetic fields on a silicon chip in ultra-high-vacuum chambers. In both cases, the purpose is to isolate the qubits in a managed quantum state.