Contains instruction in pc ideas, information systems, networking, operating programs, laptop hardware, the Internet, software functions, help desk ideas and drawback fixing, and ideas of customer support. A joint undertaking of England’s Manchester University, Ferranti Computers, and Plessey, Atlas comes online 9 years after Manchester’s laptop lab begins exploring transistor technology. Atlas was the quickest computer on this planet at the time and launched the idea of digital memory,” that is, utilizing a disk or drum as an extension of main memory. System management was offered through the Atlas Supervisor, which some contemplate to be the primary true working system.